NEW BREEDERS BE ADVISED THAT LONG COAT AND SMOOTH COAT CHIHUAHUA'S ARE CLASSED AS
DIFFERENT BREEDS DUE TO THEIR GENETICS! THE KENNEL CLUB WILL NOT REGISTER A LITTER FROM
A SMOOTHCOAT AND A LONG COAT PARENT EVEN WHEN BOTH PARENTS ARE KC REGISTERED.
Prepare your bitch for her arrival at the stud owners house.
If this is your first time breeding you must study up and be prepared for the long journey ahead.
First things First ! Bitch checklist to consider when breeding.
Is she healthy and Kennel Club registered?
Is she over 12 months old and does she have a good natured temperament?
Now for the preparation bit!
Make sure she has had her vaccinations and vet checks? (she should be wormed, frontlined and had
her boosters before visiting a stud).
Ensure your finances are in place as tests, vet checks, ultrasounds, whelpi box and kits along with stud fees
and unexpected expenses all add up very quickly, most canine insurance policy's do NOT cater for
Most importantly choose your Stud dog, when choosing him don't always go for the cheapest or nearest Stud.
Consider the Stud's previous history, is he proven? (has he had at least one litter of pup's).
Does he have a good nature? (His & her temperament must be a priority!)
Is he gentle with the Lady's? (smaller bitches can be injured by over sized stud's).
Is he KC registered and is he healthy?
Now you and your bitch are ready visit the stud dog for the first time (SHE SHOULD NOT BE IN HEAT FOR THIS
At your first meeting with the stud owner observe both dogs behavior, and make sure you are happy with your
choice! (at this point you can still change your mind and no harm done).
The stud owner will talk over what will happen at the arrival of bitch in heat and what they expect of you, be
prepared to answer questions on her previous heat cycles. The stud owner will check the bloodlines from the
KC registration documents and any other relevant documents will be exchanged to verify vet checks, tests,
vaccinations worming etc. A stud contract should be produced and mutually agreed upon at this meeting but
not signed until the arrival.
Eventually THE ARRIVAL!
You and the stud owner are prepared and the bitch & stud ready to go!
You arrive at the stud dogs house with your bitch in heat. Alert the stud owner of your arrival, they will
normally put the stud away first. Make your self comfy (depending on the bitch and stud you might be there for
a while) let your bitch settle in while you and the stud owner sign the contract.
Once the tie has taken place you will have approx 63 days till puppy's arrive, Good luck.
*****Top tip - allow your bitch to urinate before breeding! *****
Bitch Heat Cycle & signs to look out for!
Each bitch cycle is different, it is the bitches owners responsibility to ensure she is ready and timing is
correct or they may be liable for a fee for time and labour etc.
The bitch cycle should be every 6-7 Months but can also be every 4 Months. She bleeds for approx 20-28 days
into a cycle.
When the bitch is near heat cycle other dogs will be interested, and she will clean herself more often.
Signs to look out for!
Cleaning herself more often (can cause you to miss the start of bleeding, if in doubt the bitch owner should do
a vaginal test with a white tissue every day in the lead up to the start).
The colour of discharge may change.
Vulva will swell and be smooth / pinkish.
Bitch will be more receptive by moving her tail to the side.
Baseline progesterone tests can be carried out by your vet on day 6 and again every second day.
It will give the exact date to mate her.
The bitch can be ready from day 8-18.
Note: unusual cases of day 9 or later up to day 21.
Bitch Heat Cycle
The beginning when ovaries are inactive and the bitch is not involved.
The preparatory stage of cycle. Gradual swelling of the vulva, reddish discharge.
This stage internally ovaries are influenced by (FSH) hormone and developing follicles, which spherical group
of cells containing maturing ova (eggs). Lining of the uterus are developing to receive fertilized eggs.
This stage lasts 7-11 days, the bitch is attractive to mate, but not responsive, often violently discourages his
During this stage of advances, often encouraging stud and “flags” her tail. (Which will become arched)
Actual fertilization takes place. Fertilized eggs travel down fallopian tubes to the uterus.
Bitch is still attractive to mate but reverts back to being uncooperative.
*****Key to success is timing!!!*****
First mating should take place before eggs are released.
Bitch becomes receptive ovulation takes place between 3 days and 10 days.
If the bitch is maiden introduce them both on the 6th day after noticeable bleeding, if bitch unresponsive
separate immediately and try again the following day, and every day until responsive and free standing. This
ensures you do not to miss the vital stage.
Once it has all happened you will be better prepared for next time (If your not put off this time).
Normal cycle bitches are receptive on days 11 to 14 of their cycle, even the most experienced breeders can
miss the first few days of heat.
As a stud dog and bitch owner I like to prepare an information pack (details on the stud info page) for
owners to take away once mating has occurred.
This is a rough guide as to what to expect when breeding chihuahuas, and I hope this has been of some help
to you, good luck and happy healthy breeding.